Google announces its own ChatGPT rival “Bard”.

Google announces its own ChatGPT rival "Bard".

Google announces its own ChatGPT rival “Bard”.

Google was literally overwhelmed with ChatGPT, because the software giant was suddenly confronted with serious competition for its search engine. Now the company is looking for an answer.

Microsoft’s new Bing search, into which ChatGPT is directly integrated, is set to start soon. The AI ​​uses natural language to answer questions formulated by users in a dialog-based manner. The results are often more precise and comprehensive than those of a search engine like Google. The company therefore brought founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page back on board to rethink its own AI strategy. Now the Google leadership seems to have found a quick solution: “Bard”.

Google introduces chatbot “Bard”.

In a post on the Google blog, CEO Sundar Pichai announces the chatbot “Bard”. The company has been working on AI-supported systems with Google AI and DeepMind for years. So far, however, these have not been accessible to the public. With Bard, that’s about to change.

In 2021, Google presented the first generation of its neural language model LaMDA (Language Model for Dialogue Applications). The chatbot Bard should make use of this model and be able to answer user questions in a natural, dialog-oriented way. Unlike earlier versions of ChatGPT, however, Bard can access information from the Internet and thus also deal with current topics. This puts the AI ​​in direct competition with Microsoft’s new Bing search, which accesses the next generation of ChatGPT, which can also access the internet.

Bard is now available for pre-testers. In the coming weeks, however, the public should also have access to the chatbot. However, Google is only releasing a smaller part of its LaMDA data for the time being. The smaller language model takes up less computing res. However, depending on user usage, the company can release additional LaMDA capacities.

More AI features are coming to Google search

The company is also announcing new AI-powered Google Search features. These should be able to break down “complex information from multiple perspectives into formats that are easy to digest”. As an example, Pichai cites the question of whether “piano or guitar is easier to learn” and which takes more practice. These features will soon be available to Google Search users.

Google announces its own ChatGPT rival “Bard”.

40 years Adobe – the story behind the PDF

40 years Adobe - the story behind the PDF

40 years Adobe – the story behind the PDF

Adobe Systems Inc. has been around for over 40 years. The PDF format, which has been around since 1993, is also part of the success.

Throughout his working life, John Warnock has always dreamed of digitizing the printing press. The employee at the US computer company Evans & Sutherland has been developing this since the early 1970s. After moving to Xerox, he continues to work on a technical solution. Xerox is known for being the first company to mass produce copiers in the early 1960s. Here John Warnock meets Charles Geschke. He is enthusiastic about the idea of ​​developing a universal format that will allow books and magazines to be laid out on a computer in the future. However, Xerox sees no potential in this. Therefore, the two visionaries left Xerox and founded their own company, Adobe Systems Inc., in December 1982.

Postscript is the basis for later PDF

Now the development is picking up speed. Incidentally, the company’s name comes from Adobe Creek, which runs behind John Warnock’s home. In the meantime, the format the developer is working on has also been given a name: Postscript.

A first version appeared in 1984. This marked nothing less than a revolution in the areas of printing and layout. Since the invention of modern book printing by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century, the printing of books, newspapers and magazines has involved a lot of manual work over the centuries. In the course of time there are presses that work better and better. However, this still takes a lot of time. Quick changes to the layout are hardly possible.

Apple wants to buy Adobe

In the future, the computer will help with the layout with the postscript format from Adobe. During development, Adobe attaches great importance to a device-independent solution. That means Postscript is a universal format that always delivers the same print image on different computers.

This is also the reason why the format is spreading so quickly. A certain Steve Jobs from the computer manufacturer Apple once again demonstrated his flair for revolutionary trends in the mid-1980s. That’s why the Apple boss is making a purchase offer to Adobe.

However, John Warnock and Charles Geschke politely decline the purchase price of five million US dollars. However, the two listen to the Adobe investors and grant Apple a stake in the company. Apple also gets a five-year license to use Postscript.

Also read: The Apple myth about Steve Jobs – chic, expensive, cult!

How does postscript work?

Basically, Postscript provides the basis for what is known as desktop publishing. All graphic elements and fonts are designed as scalable vector graphics so that graphics and printed pages can be displayed without loss on various output devices. Thanks to Postscript, these elements can now be resized to fit the page format. The ingenious thing: Regardless of the size, the graphics or text remain pin-sharp.

At the same time, Postscript still serves as an interface for printers. Printers are controlled via this format. The postscript driver then creates a printout that has the same layout as on the screen.

No PDF without Postscript

does this seem familiar to you? Correct. Nothing else happens when you print out a PDF document. PDF stands for Portable Document Format and also comes from Adobe. In 1993 the PDF is presented to the public. Without the development of Postscript, there would be no PDF either.

Apple in particular is making sure that the new and universal standard for documents is spreading quickly on its Mac computers. However, Adobe also supplies the appropriate software for Windows computers, for example the free Acrobat Reader. At that time only a few private users could afford the main program Acrobat. The software can be used to create and edit PDF files, among other things.

When it comes to software for creative people, Adobe is now one of the leading companies. Photoshop, for example, was released in 1990, before the introduction of the PDF. The program is still considered to be the photo editing program par excellence.

By the way: James Cameron also uses Adobe Photoshop for his Avatar film in 2009 to create concept studies and to design the textures of his mythical creatures. The director also relies on the services of the software for the second Avatar film in 2022.

Also read: Adobe discontinues Flash Player – now properly remove it from the computer

Adobe one of the 100 most valuable stock exchange companies

Adobe has been offering the Premiere Pro program for creative videographers since the 1990s. InDesign appeared at about the same time. This Adobe software has become the standard program in the field of layout.

Adobe’s rise continues unabated. The company does not develop everything itself. Adobe is consolidating its position through clever acquisitions. This was also the case in 2005, when the company took over the software manufacturer and main competitor Macromedia for 3.6 billion US dollars, an unimaginably large sum of money at the time. With the takeover, Adobe is driving the Flash standard forward. Adobe Flash plays an essential role in embedding videos or other interactive elements in the 2000s.

The days of high-priced Adobe programs have been history since the 2010s at the latest. The entire Adobe software catalog is moving to the cloud. A monthly fee is charged to use the programs. Thanks to the Adobe Creative Cloud, many more people are now able to use the creative programs on their home computers.

Adobe recently made headlines with another acquisition. The Figma acquisition will cost the company $20 billion. In return, Adobe gets the company’s accumulated knowledge in one fell swoop. Which specializes in cloud-based design software. With the acquisition of Figma, Adobe hopes to further advance the collaboration of workgroups via the cloud in real time. With annual sales of almost 16 billion US dollars, Adobe is now one of the 100 most valuable stock exchange companies in the world.

40 years Adobe – the story behind the PDF

Apple makes profit because iPhone customers get less hardware

Apple makes profit because iPhone customers get less hardware

Apple makes profit because iPhone customers get less hardware

According to Apple, the decision to deliver iPhones without a power supply has environmental reasons. That may be the case, but the group also saves a lot of money!

In October 2020, when the iPhone 12 series was presented, Apple announced that neither the wired earpods nor the 5-watt power adapter would be included in the scope of delivery. The innovation caused an uproar and a lot of trouble for smartphone buyers. The company was accused of greed. However, Apple did not name the profit as the official reason, but environmental protection. According to this, almost everyone already has a power supply unit at home.

Apple’s profit increases by 6 billion euros

Nevertheless, Apple was able to benefit properly by omitting the accessories in the scope of delivery. According to the market researchers from “CSS Insights”, Apple has saved a total of 6 billion euros since October 2020 through the changeover. Not only the flagship models iPhone 12/13 (Pro), but also the Mini and SE no longer come with headphones and the power supply unit. In addition, Apple’s pricing policy has not changed despite the discontinuation. New iPhones were and will continue to be slightly more expensive than their predecessors. But the savings don’t just come from Apple saving on hardware.

Savings also on packaging and transport

In addition to the lower hardware costs, falling expenses for packaging and transport are also important. The iPhone boxes are now smaller. That means less cardboard and above all more iPhones per pallet. Logically, in the transport trade you pay by volume. Say per pallet or, on a larger scale, per shipping container. With around 190 million iPhones sold since October 2020, the costs have fallen immensely.

In addition, there are sales that you may not have on the screen at first. Because not everyone already has a power adapter or headphones, as Apple claims. Apple has sold an estimated additional accessories worth around 270 million euros since the changeover.

Also interesting: Lost AirPods make Apple a fortune every year

Conclusion: win-win situation for Apple

In the end, Apple makes high profits and does something for its own environmental balance. The loss in connection with Apple’s balance sheet growth may cause displeasure among customers. However, one should not forget that the economical use of res affects us all.

Apple makes profit because iPhone customers get less hardware

How to switch from iPhone to Android easily

How to switch from iPhone to Android easily

How to switch from iPhone to Android easily

In the past, switching from an iPhone to an Android smartphone was only possible with the help of dubious payment apps. But now Google itself offers options that make the move easy and safe.

Today, Google’s Android is the most widely used mobile operating system in the world. There are many good reasons to move from an iPhone to an Android smartphone – but switching between the two systems deters many users. TECHBOOK explains how the transition works with the right relocation helpers.

This is how the switch from iPhone to Android smartphone works

There are several ways to transfer personal files, data and settings from iPhone to new Android smartphone. A requirement is to log in with the Google account on the iPhone before the move.

Here you can see in the video how the change works best:

Method 1: Direct connection by cable

Arguably the easiest way to migrate to an Android smartphone is to transfer from iPhone via cable. All you have to do is select when setting up the new device that you want to take data from an old device with you. Then simply connect the cable, select the desired options for the move, done.

Method 2: Switch to Android app

If there is no cable, the transmission also works via WiFi connection. To do this, you need to install the “Switch to Android” app on the iPhone before switching. When setting up the new Android smartphone, a QR code appears that you have to scan with the app on the iPhone. This will create a WiFi connection. The app then lets you select the data to be transferred. It also advises you to turn off iMessage and even helps to transfer pictures and videos from iCloud to the new smartphone.

Method 3: Move with Google One

The Google One app handles the entire move via the Google account. To do this, you need to download the app from the App Store and sign in with your Google account. Back up your data through the app and wait for the process to complete. Don’t forget to turn off iMessage or you may not receive SMS on the new device. If you now log in to the Android smartphone with the same Google account, the backup of your data will be restored automatically.

Android devices often have migration assistants

Numerous smartphone manufacturers offer free software that makes the move easier. At Samsung, for example, Smart Switch is free software that can be used for all Android devices. Other manufacturers such as Sony or OnePlus have their own relocation assistants in their repertoire, which also help to make the switch easier. When setting up, it is often possible to connect the old device for data transfer.

For data transfer via “on-the-go”, i.e. by cable from smartphone to smartphone, you should first download the respective app onto the Android device. For the connection, some smartphone manufacturers include an adapter for a USB plug. As soon as the iPhone is connected to the new smartphone and the user has agreed to the transfer to the Apple device, the transfer of the desired data begins.

Also interesting: switch from Android smartphone to iPhone

What else to consider

Anyone turning their backs on the Apple world should consider disabling the receipt of messages via iMessage. Otherwise it can happen that SMS do not arrive on the new phone. Users should also cancel current subscriptions on the iPhone: All active subscriptions can be viewed and canceled in the system settings under the Apple ID and “Subscriptions”.

How to switch from iPhone to Android easily

These otherwise paid apps are now free

These otherwise paid apps are now free

These otherwise paid apps are now free

Many developers offer their apps and games for iOS and Android for free for a short time. But not all of them are really good. TECHBOOK therefore presents the free apps that are worth downloading.

Whether games, useful tools or learning aids – for many good apps you usually have to pay a small sum. But from time to time these apps are also available free of charge in the Apple App Store or in the Google Play Store. TECHBOOK reveals which free apps are currently available and has selected the best ones for you.

Notice: The free apps of the day presented here are mostly offers from January 19, 2023, which are only available for a short time. If you are interested in an application, you should be quick, because today’s free apps could soon be subject to a charge again.

The current free apps for the iPhone and iPad


The Enchanted Worlds 2 (otherwise 3.99 euros)

An interactive point and click adventure with tricky puzzles

4.6/5 stars (119 ratings), includes in-app purchases

The Secret Elevator Remastered (otherwise 0.99 euros)

Trapped in a dream you must find your way out in this horror adventure

4.6/5 stars (84 ratings), includes in-app purchases

Hello Human (otherwise 0.99 euros)

Face off against an evil AI in lots of mini-puzzles

4.7/5 stars (46 ratings)

Dwarf Journey (otherwise 2.99 euros)

Go into battle as the dwarf Gallar to find the relic of eternal life in a mystical cave

4.3/5 stars (21 ratings)

Crystal Cove (otherwise 0.99 euros)

Puzzle game with triangles that you then have to slide into each other to fit

4.5/5 stars (29 ratings)

Block vs Block (otherwise 2.99 euros)

Tetris-style puzzle game. Move blocks and pay attention to the matching shapes

4.1/5 stars (366 ratings), includes in-app purchases

Incredible Box – ClassicPuzzle (otherwise 9.99 euros)

Bring the box to its destination past obstacles

4.2/5 stars (21 ratings), includes in-app purchases

PopStar with Undo (otherwise 4.99 euros)

Connect two or more blocks and achieve a fixed goal or play against time

4.7/5 stars (6 ratings), includes in-app purchases

Click Planet – Spacecraft (otherwise 4.99 euros)

Explore and colonize new planets

4.7/5 stars (3 ratings)

Also Read: Hidden Apple App Spotted on iPhone


Video Compress (otherwise 1.99 euros)

Make videos smaller through compression and thus save storage space or send them faster

4.7/5 stars (133 ratings)

Video Trim -Cut And Clip Video (otherwise 2.99 euros)

A video editor that allows clip cutting and trimming

4.8/5 stars (5 ratings)

DrawTextPath (otherwise 1.99 euros)

The app turns written text into animations

4.5/5 stars (72 ratings)

AirDisk Pro (otherwise 2.99 euros)

Access files stored on your Mac or PC at home or in the cloud while you’re on the go

4.6/5 stars (988 ratings), includes in-app purchases

AI Weather Bot (otherwise 5.99 euros)

Create your own weather station with individual instruments for any location

4.7/5 stars (6 ratings), includes in-app purchases

Ad blocker – Remove ads (otherwise 5.99 euros)

The app blocks ads, trackers, pop-ups and more in Safari browser

4/5 stars (68 ratings)

The current free apps for Android


The Enchanted Worlds (otherwise 4.59 euros)

An interactive point and click adventure with tricky puzzles

4.5/5 stars (337 reviews), 1000+ downloads

Cartoon Craft (otherwise 1.49 euros)

A small real-time strategy game with armies, raids and a real story

4.2/5 stars (71,400 ratings), 1 million+ downloads, contains ads and in-app purchases

The Hearts PRO (otherwise 1.99 euros)

Connect as many of the same symbols as possible with a line to earn points

4.5/5 stars (138 reviews), 10,000+ downloads

Evertale (otherwise 0.50 euros)

A Pokemon-inspired RPG about catching, training and evolving monsters

4.3/5 stars (451,000 ratings), 5 million+ downloads, includes in-app purchases

Block Blast – A Retro Game (otherwise 1.39 euros)

Match the color of the column to the color of the top block to clear a row

3.9/5 stars (58 ratings), 1000+ downloads, contains ads

Rectangles PRO (otherwise 1.89 euros)

The aim here is to find the rectangles in a grid – also suitable for color blind people

3.8/5 stars (113 reviews), 10,000+ downloads

Theme Park Simulator (1.19 euros)

Take on the role of a ride operator at an amusement park

4.2/5 stars (5930 reviews), 10,000+ downloads, contains ads and in-app purchases

Zombie Age 3 Premium: Survival (otherwise 0.99 euros)

A 2D zombie shooter where the player has over 30 weapons and 20 skills to choose from

4.2/5 stars (62,500 ratings), 1 million+ downloads, contains ads and in-app purchases

Word Flood PRO (otherwise 1.89 euros)

Find the English terms in this word search game

4.1/5 stars (92 ratings), 10,000+ downloads

Traffic Jam Car Puzzle Legend (otherwise 4.09 euros)

Connect three or more different cars of one color to remove them – but watch out for obstacles like traffic cones and tracks

4/5 stars (755 ratings), 50,000+ ratings, contains ads and in-app purchases

Stickman Legends: Offline Game (otherwise 0.99 euros)

Player vs Player (PVP) fighting game with a selection of stickman fighters, also playable offline

4/5 stars (262,000 reviews), 10 million+ downloads, contains ads and in-app purchases

Also read: 4 apps that make tax returns quick


Memorize: Learn French Words (otherwise 4.99 euros)

Learn French words with flashcards

3.9/5 stars (124 reviews), 10,000+ reviews

Memorize: Learn Russian Words (otherwise 4.99 euros)

Learn Russian words with flashcards

4/5 stars (125 reviews), 10,000+ reviews

Spelling Games PRO 8-in-1 (2.49 euros)

Test your English skills by solving which of the shown words is correct

4.4/5 stars (53 reviews), 5000+ downloads

Win 11 Launcher Pro (otherwise 2.49 euros)

A launcher that turns the Android smartphone into a Windows 11 device

4.9/5 stars (442 reviews), 10,000+ downloads

AppLock PRO (otherwise 2.49 euros)

Protect data such as videos and photos as well as apps with a fingerprint, password or PIN

4.5/5 stars (3740 reviews), 100,000+ downloads

Prepositions Grammar Test PRO (otherwise 1.99 euros)

Enter the correct prepositions in the gaps and test your own knowledge of English

3.9/5 stars (69 reviews), 5000+ downloads

Hidden Word Brain Exercise PRO (otherwise 1.99 euros)

The app shows parts of a given word and you have to find the solution

3.9/5 stars (71 reviews), 10,000+ downloads

These otherwise paid apps are now free

Neobank Ruuky files for bankruptcy: What customers need to know

Neobank Ruuky files for bankruptcy: What customers need to know

Neobank Ruuky files for bankruptcy: What customers need to know

As a result of the difficult economic situation, another German bank had to file for bankruptcy: the neobank Ruuky. Hundreds of thousands of customers are affected.

Anyone who is currently visiting Neobank Ruuky (formerly Pockid) is greeted by a big lead: “Unfortunately, Ruuky had to apply for the opening of insolvency proceedings and we are currently working on the future of your bank.” asked the obvious question: “What does that mean for you (the customer, editor’s note)?”

Neobank Ruuky is insolvent

So-called neo-banks are credit institutions that have specialized in the connection between a mobile app and the associated money card. That was also Ruuky’s concept when the company was founded three years ago. In addition to its own app, a debit Mastercard is also offered. The main target group of the Hamburg company is the so-called Generation Z, i.e. the current 13 to 25 year olds. The average age of Ruuky users is 16 years. The bank is pursuing the approach of using its mobile concept to appeal to young people in particular and to introduce them to financial independence.

A total of around 250,000 customers have an account with Ruuky. This makes the bank one of the smaller banks in Germany. For comparison: According to Statista, the neobank N26 had more than 8 million customers in autumn 2022. However, this bank was founded in 2013 and has therefore been on the market for a few years longer than Ruuky. Banks such as Consorsbank or Barclays Bank Ireland, on the other hand, will have 1.5 and 1.4 million customers respectively in 2021.

Also interesting: filed for bankruptcy! E-bikes at Aldi and Lidl are threatened with extinction

The past three years since Bank Ruuky was founded have not been easy for the entire financial world: the Wirecard scandal, Covid and, last but not least, inflation have put a lot of strain on the market. The direct trigger for the insolvency was now – also due to the economic situation – that the new round of financing was not successful. Large investors so far have probably been Vorwerk Ventures and Cavalry.

Founder Jes Henning confirmed to the industry portal Finance Forward: “We have not been able to obtain new capital in the current market environment.” Despite a fresh concept and a company valuation of 16 million euros, one must “accept that the market conditions for capital-intensive startups has changed [sic].” The neobank Ruuky is currently looking for a buyer due to the insolvency.

What does this mean for customers of the bank?

The approx. 250,000 customers of Neobank Ruuky do not currently have to react to the insolvency. The company assures that customer balances will not be affected and full access to accounts will remain. Payments and transfers can also continue to be carried out accordingly. However, it is not possible to open a new account with Neobank Ruuky in the course of the insolvency.

Insolvency administrator Jens-Sören Schröder, partner in the law firm Johlke Niethammer, is currently taking care of the further procedure. In the meantime, according to Schröder, he has received around 20 expressions of interest, including strategic investors such as banks and fintechs as well as private equity companies. In a comment published by the website Starbase, the insolvency administrator continues: “I am very confident that the investor search for Ruuky will be successful given the remarkable investor interest at this early stage.”

Ruuky planned to start in neighboring Austria in November 2022. Insolvency had to be filed on January 4, 2023. And while day-to-day business continues for the time being, the 20 or so employees of the company are now primarily affected. If no buyer can be found, there is a risk of liquidation. This would then also result in the closure of the previous accounts.


  • FinanceFWD (“Neobank Ruuky files for bankruptcy”, accessed 23 January 2023)
  • Ruuky (accessed January 16, 2023)

Neobank Ruuky files for bankruptcy: What customers need to know

Delivery service Yababa files for bankruptcy

Delivery service Yababa files for bankruptcy

Delivery service Yababa files for bankruptcy

It was not until the summer that two food delivery services, Fresh Post and GetFaster, had to file for bankruptcy. Now this fate meets another company that was active in many parts of Germany.

Yababa’s concept is a bit different than other delivery services. The company, which only started at the end of 2021, has specialized in the delivery of Turkish and Arabic food. “We deliver products from Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya to your home!” is the start-up’s slogan. According to its website, Yababa has around 50,000 customers in Germany. The delivery service is mainly active in the northeast of the state and in parts of Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria.

Difficult market situation and lack of investors reason for Yababa’s bankruptcy

After initially good figures, Yababa had to file for bankruptcy at the beginning of February. As the portal “Gründerszene” reports, the current developments on the market – such as the rising prices in the wake of the Ukraine war and inflation – have made the delivery service too difficult. That’s why Yababa minimized its running costs last year. For example, the company switched from delivery within two hours to delivery the next day and increased the minimum order value to 40 euros. According to its own statements, Yababa achieved annual external sales of eight million euros. In May you would have been profitable for the first time.

Also read: Two well-known food delivery services file for bankruptcy

As a start-up, Yababa was dependent on investors from the start. At the beginning, they were enthusiastic about the approach of supplying the Turkish and Arabic community in particular and thus closing a niche in the market. They therefore invested more than 13 million euros in Yababa. Actually, there should be a new round of financing this year, for which the start-up has already advertised. Yababa wanted to get another 10 million euros. But unlike in 2021, investors are now much more skeptical. Due to the market situation and the company valuation of Yababa, which was ultimately too high, the hoped-for financial injection did not materialize. The result is bankruptcy.

Delivery service uncertain

Around 100 employees are affected, whose wages are still secured by the insolvency money for the next three months. It is still unclear what will happen to them, the company and the 42 locations in total. The insolvency administrator Niklas Lütcke now has to take care of that. He told the portal Gründerszene that everyone involved was trying to ensure that the company continued.

Delivery service Yababa files for bankruptcy

What has become of the TV manufacturer Telefunken?

What has become of the TV manufacturer Telefunken?

What has become of the TV manufacturer Telefunken?

Where would Samsung, Sony or Apple be without the German ingenuity? Not existent. German engineers did important pioneering work in the early days of communications and radio technology at the beginning of the 20th century. The PAL system and thus color television is primarily associated with one name: Telefunken. When color television was launched in Germany on August 25, 1967 by Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt, Telefunken no longer existed as an independent brand. What happened?

Telefunken rose to prominence during the German Empire. There are turbulent times and the countries around Germany are hostile to each other. At the end of the 19th century, Europe was like a powder keg. A new, fast technology promises the rapid transmission of messages in the event of a war. The so-called spark telegraphy makes it possible. The age of radio has just begun after Heinrich Hertz discovered electromagnetic radiation, the basis for radio or radio waves, in 1886. However, there are no devices yet.

At that time, two electrical companies in particular were driving research in the field of radio technology in Germany. One group around Adolf Slaby and Georg Graf von Arco works for the Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft – AEG for short. Another group conducts research under the direction of Karl Ferdinand Braun at Siemens & Halske. AEG takes care of the radio equipment of the Imperial Navy. Siemens, on the other hand, is one of the pioneers in the field of radio technology for the German Army.

Telefunken is created at the imperial request

The then Kaiser Wilhelm II did not like this situation at all with two large electrical companies. Allegedly at the request of the German Emperor, both companies join forces. Thus, on May 27, 1903, the Society for Wireless Telegraphy Ltd., System Telefunken, was founded in Berlin. The newly founded company chooses the short telegram address “Telefunken” as its trademark.

The importance of radio technology increases in the years that follow. The sinking of the Titanic in 1912 boosted business in the area of ​​marine radio technology. Telefunken is already one of the leading companies here. Unfortunately, Telefunken technology in the field of communications also played an important role in the First World War.

Telefunken develops the first radio and TV sets

After the end of the First World War and the fall of the German Empire, radio technology picked up speed. With the beginning of radio transmission in 1923, the company changed its name to Telefunken, Gesellschaft für WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY. The focus is now on the development of radios. As early as the end of 1923, Telefunken began broadcasting regular radio programs itself. At the same time, Telefunken is researching the first television sets. Telefunken presented the first model at the 1928 radio exhibition in Berlin.

In 1930, a Telefunken engineer developed a process so that TV images arrived flicker-free on the few television sets. The National Socialists later recognized the potential of television. In 1939, the so-called German standard television receiver E 1 also included technology from Telefunken.

Interestingly enough, in 1932 the group founded an offshoot called Telefunken-Platte GmbH, making it one of the largest German companies in the record industry at the time. It continued to exist under the Teldec name from 1950 and was sold to the US media group Time Warner in 1987.

In between lies the dark chapter of the Second World War. During this time, Telefunken was one of the most important companies in the field of radio technology for the German military – on land, at sea and in the air.

Also read: What actually became of the TV manufacturer Loewe?

PAL color television system made by Telefunken

After the war, Telefunken concentrates on the production of radios and televisions. To this end, the company is establishing new locations in Ulm and Backnang.

At the beginning of the 1950s, however, Telefunken did not just want to produce televisions. The company thinks big: the development of its own color television system. To this end, the group is setting up its own basic television laboratory. Walter Bruch is in charge. In 1962 the Telefunken electrical engineers made their breakthrough. The PAL system was born, paving the way for color television in Germany.

It will then be another five years before colorful images can be seen on German TV sets. The inventor of German color television, on the other hand, disappeared from the scene almost unnoticed. AEG took over the rights from Telefunken in 1967. The story ends unspectacularly. However, due to the appeal of the name, Telefunken reappears on the scene in the 2010s. Turkish electronics group Vestel has been using the name to sell TVs and home appliances for a while.

Asian countries in particular now play a leading role in the field of electrical engineering. However, it was German engineers and companies like Telefunken who did important pioneering work in the field of radio and radio technology.

What has become of the TV manufacturer Telefunken?

Judge lets ChatGPT write verdict

Judge lets ChatGPT write verdict

Judge lets ChatGPT write verdict

Why should you make it difficult for yourself when – thanks to artificial intelligence – it can also be easy? This is how it could be interpreted that a judge from Colombia had the text generator ChatGPT write a judgment for him. He intends to continue doing so in the future. This is legally permissible, but there are also some arguments against it. Read all about it at TECHBOOK.

The case, heard in the port city of Cartagena, involved an autistic child and the question of whether his insurance company should cover the costs of his medical treatment. The judge put them to ChatGPT, Open AI’s chatbot, and received a perfectly formed response based on a corresponding legal text. Accordingly, minors diagnosed with autism in Colombia are exempt from paying therapy fees. So the process was decided. But the man opened up a completely different jar: Is it really okay for judges to let ChatGPT write their judgments?

Richter wants to continue using ChatGPT for judgments in the future

The judge was transparent in his actions, he published the “conversation” with the chatbot. And in an interview with the radio station “Bluradio” he finds arguments for using ChatGPT in his job. Especially since it is only logical. He explains that his secretary normally has to look for legal texts. With ChatGPT it is faster and you also have the advantage of a finished verdict formulated in clear and understandable language. He is convinced that colleagues will follow suit.

Also interesting: New religion wants to worship godlike artificial intelligence

The law not only allows, but demands the use of AI

Legally, the man seems to be on the safe side. Because according to a Colombian law from 2022, it is permissible to use artificial intelligence to make judgments. It is even required to make work more efficient. The advantages are supposedly obvious. Because ChatGPT is able to call up the exact wording of laws and precedents in seconds. This is to ensure a fair judgement. But the whole thing is not free of hooks.

Do not overestimate the skills of ChatGPT

In order for ChatGPT to have so many answers ready, Open AI was fed with countless information via a specially developed language model. But this “training” was completed at the end of 2021 – no new content has arrived since 2022. It may well be that the text generator falls back on outdated knowledge.

Incorrect information 80 percent of the time

According to the “NewsGuard” service, ChatGPT is not only less reliable than often advertised, but rather a “super spreader for misinformation”. After a random examination of answers using the tool, the analysts speak of an error rate of at least 80 percent. However, the lecture is always eloquent and correspondingly convincing.

ChatGPT itself is critical of the use of AI for judges

Even the bot itself would recommend its use for judgments by judges, at best, with reservations, TECHBOOK asked him. There is “no direct rule prohibiting judges from using an AI model like ChatGPT to assist in their decisions. However, it may be important that such a process meets the requirements of impartiality and independence in the judiciary and that decisions are taken on a fair and lawful basis”. It would therefore make sense, according to the tool, to carry out a legal review before an AI-generated verdict is read out.

Judge lets ChatGPT write verdict

Two cool iPhone features that almost nobody knows about

Two cool iPhone features that almost nobody knows about

Two cool iPhone features that almost nobody knows about

Most functions of the iPhone should be familiar. But there are also one or two hidden features. TECHBOOK introduces two of these features that iPhone users should know about.

Text too small, weak contrasts, bad light? Small things are often enough to make texts unreadable. TECHBOOK introduces two iPhone features that make reading easier.

iPhone feature reads texts aloud

For example, iPhone and Android users can have smartphone content read out to them. Users can find the corresponding setting in the menu under “Settings” and “Accessibility”. Android smartphones can also use this iPhone function. Depending on the model, the appropriate setting can be found under “Accessibility” or “Accessibility” in the Settings menu.

Under Settings / Accessibility you will find the options for speech output | in iOS Photo: TECHBOOK

In the “Speech output” menu item, users can set the screen content to be read out to them if they wish. After a swipe gesture, a computer voice then reads the corresponding text aloud.

Magnifying glass function provides full perspective

There is also help for smartphone users with the magnifying glass function, which Apple’s iOS devices have integrated as standard. The smartphone with camera becomes a magnifying glass. This not only helps people with visual impairments. An enlargement can also be helpful in the case of fundamentally small representations.

The magnifying glass used to be part of the accessibility features, but is now a separate app and can therefore be found using the search function. The magnifying glass allows the camera image to be enlarged on the display. For example, with the iPhone function, users can read the small print better or decipher a list of ingredients in the supermarket. Depending on the type of visual impairment, colors can also be reversed and contrasts can be increased or decreased.

An option for high-contrast display of fonts is also helpful in everyday use. Depending on the Android version and manufacturer, it is either directly in the accessibility menu or under menu sub-items such as “Visual Aid”. When active, labels in menus are made more visible to the user.

Two cool iPhone features that almost nobody knows about